History of CranioSacral Therapy (Cranial Osteopathy)
Craniosacral Therapy also known as Cranial Osteopathy is becoming a treatment of choice in areas of pain, rehabilitation from injury and neurology. CST theory and practice is based on understanding the continuous subtle movements of the cranial bones, this motion can affect the whole both. During Craniosacral Therapy the body is supported to access its own innate healing ability to rebalance and restore – from the inside out.
Cranial osteopathy, it is a gentle, non-invasive, hands-on technique, developed by an American osteopathic physician over one hundred years ago. Osteopathy was founded by Dr Andrew Taylor Still in 1874. In 1892 Dr Still held his first class at his American School of Osteopathy in Kirksville, Missouri. Around 1899, further concepts of cranial osteopathy originated from one of Dr Stills student, Dr William Sutherland. For the rest of his life, Dr Sutherland researched the concept that cranial bone allow for slight movement within the skull facilitating the continual circulation of the cerebrospinal fluid within the brain and spinal cord (termed the craniosacral rhythm or primary respiratory mechanism). A visionary and pioneer, Sutherland developed a treatment method making him the grandfather of cranial osteopathy.
The cranial sacral rhythm is a fluid pulse (also called primary respiratory mechanism) which propagates the cerebrospinal fluid circulation around the central nervous system (brain and spinal), facilitating essential cellular respiration/ exchange of nutrients in tissues. For many years this novel concept challenged the beliefs of the scientific communities of that time. It was not until the late 1970’s that this concept was confirmed by rigorous scientific research.
American Osteopath, Dr John E. Upledger, first observed the rhythmic pulsations of the craniosacral system when observing the dura membranes during a surgical procedure. With limited information available in current science, he set out to further understand and then scientifically confirm what Sutherland had proposed for previous decades. Upledger and a research team at the University of Michigan scientifically verified and documented the cranial respiratory motion. The results not only confirmed Sutherland's theory, but led to further clarification of the mechanisms behind this motion – the craniosacral system. Upledger later established the Upledger Institute, which trains craniosacral therapy students all over the world
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